Today, a classical education (in the form in which it existed previously) is extremely difficult to obtain. Only recently in Europe began to appear different educational institutions offering a program close to this type. Understanding the features of classical education is impossible without studying the historical aspect of the topic.
Classical education arose in the Renaissance in the first third of the XVI century in Germany, as the first attempt to adapt medieval university education to adolescence. Later this experience began to be adopted by secondary schools.
So, classical увгсфешщт was understood as secondary education based on the study of ancient languages (Latin, Biblical Greek) and literature. This kind of education was contrasted with real education, aimed at studying the natural and exact sciences. One of the first classical educational organizations can be considered the school of the Italian humanist Guarino Veronese.
But by the end of the XVI century, significant changes began to occur in classical education. A large number of gymnasiums appeared, the primary purpose of which was to master the formal side of the Latin language. Also at this time, the Cicero (fascination with the language and style of the Roman orator) was common.
Thus, classical education was limited to a narrow philological framework until the XVIII century.
A new stage in the development of this type of education began in the middle of the XVIII century.
Latin and Greek languages began to be considered again as the primary means for assimilating cultural heritage. From now on, the main task of classical education is the development of thinking and the formation of a worldview. The curriculum of the gymnasiums began to include the native language, history, and natural sciences. Classical education became the main stage in preparation for university education. Such education remained unchanged in Europe and America until the end of the XIX century.
During this time, the society formed an opinion about the need to bring gymnasium education closer to real life. Today in European countries such as Italy and France, classical lyceums and gymnasiums continue to exist.